Maps and Mapping Skills

Components: A part of a whole, as in a system.

System: A group of components working together to perform a function.
Geography: The science dealing with the surface of the Earth.
Physical Map: A map that shows the physical features of the Earth's surface; it showswhere land and water are located.
Latitude: Distance North or South of the equator, measured on a meridian.
Longitude: Distance on the Earth's surface, measured East or West from theprime meridian at Greenwich, England, expressed in degrees (or hours) minutesand seconds.
Parallel: two lines that are always the same distance apart and never cross.
Hemisphere: Either the northern or southern half of the Earth as divided by the equator or the Eastern or Western half as divided by a meridian.
Meridian: Imaginary circle around the Earth that goes through the North and South Poles. All points on the same meridian have the same longitude.
Equator: An imaginary line that goes around the Earth halfway betweenthe North and South poles.
Prime Meridian: The zero meridian (O degrees), used as a reference linefrom which longitude East and West is measured. It passes throughGreenwich, England.
Grid: lines that form equal sized boxes all over the surface of an object.
Scale: A measurement tool used in mapping to determine the distance on maps.Example: 1 inch is equal to 300 miles.
Latitude and Longitude
Click for mapping activity using scale!